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Do you suffer from knee pain? If so, you’re not alone. Knee problems are very common, and can range from mild to extremely painful. In many cases, physiotherapy can help alleviate the symptoms and improve your quality of life. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of physiotherapy for knee pain, as well as some of the most common knee problems that can be treated with physiotherapy.

Introduction

Knee pain can have a huge impact on daily life, making it difficult to move around and complete everyday tasks. Physiotherapy is a great way to tackle knee problems and reduce the associated pain. While other treatments such as medication may mask the symptoms of knee pain, physiotherapy focuses on treating the underlying issue and helping you restore mobility and recover full function. Physiotherapists are experts in assessing and treating knee problems and have a range of tools to help you achieve your goals.

The Anatomy of a Knee

Knee anatomy

Your knee joint is a complicated system of bones, ligaments and tendons that work together to keep your leg stable while you move. Pain in your knee can be caused by a wide range of problems, from muscle strain or tendonitis to cartilage tears and degenerative joint diseases like osteoarthritis.

The Bones of The Knee

The bones that surround the knee are the femur, tibia and patella. The femur is the thigh bone and provides stability for your knee. The tibia is the shinbone, connecting to the femur at the knee joint. The patella is a small bone that sits above the knee joint; it helps protect your knee from trauma or injury.

The Ligaments of the Knee

The knee joint is held together with four ligaments: the medial and lateral collateral ligaments, and the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. The collateral ligaments provide stability to your knee by preventing it from moving laterally, while the cruciate ligaments prevent excessive forward or backward movement of the knee.

The Meniscus of the Knee

The meniscus is a c-shaped cartilage cushion that provides protection for the bones in your knee joint. It can become torn or damaged, leading to pain and instability.

Knee Cartilage

The knee joint is also surrounded by a layer of cartilage called articular cartilage. This helps to reduce friction between the bones and keep the movement smooth and pain-free.

Tendons of the Knee

The tendons of the knee connect your muscles to the bones, allowing you to move your leg. Tendinitis and other tendon problems can cause pain in the knee joint.

Types of Knee Problems Physiotherapists Treat

Physiotherapists treat a wide variety of knee-related issues. Common knee problems that can be treated with physiotherapy include:

Knee pain

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint condition that can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the knee. Physiotherapy can help reduce pain, improve mobility and strengthen the muscles around the knee to prevent further injury.

Meniscal Injuries

Meniscal injuries are tears in the cartilage that cushion the knee joint. Physiotherapy can help to reduce pain and swelling, as well as improve range of motion and strength.

Ligament Sprains and Strains

Ligament sprains and strains occur when the ligaments that hold the knee joint together are stretched or torn. Physiotherapy can help to reduce the associated pain and swelling, as well as improve knee stability and strength.

Patellar Tendonitis

Patellar tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon that connects the patella (kneecap) to the shin bone. Physiotherapy can help reduce pain and swelling, as well as improve strength, flexibility and range of motion in the knee joint.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tears.

ACL tears are common injuries, particularly in athletes. Physiotherapy can help to reduce swelling and pain, as well as improve the strength and stability of the knee joint. Physios work to strengthen the muscles after surgery so that your recovery is both swift and complete.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis affects the knee joint, causing it to become swollen and painful. Physiotherapy can help reduce swelling and pain, as well as improve range of motion and muscle strength.

Patellofemoral Arthritis

Patellofemoral arthritis is different than rheumatoid arthritis and is caused by the wear and tear of knee cartilage. Physiotherapy can help reduce pain, improve joint mobility, and strengthen the muscles around the knee to prevent further damage.

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis Syndrome is an irritation of the piriformis muscle, which is located deep in the hips. It can cause pain and tightness in the knee, hip and lower back regions. Physiotherapy can help to reduce pain and tightness, as well as improve flexibility and strength of the muscles around the knee joint.

Runner’s Knee

The medical term for a runner’s knee is patellofemoral pain syndrome, and it can cause knee pain. A running assessment can help the physio isolate what is causing the pain. Physiotherapy can help to reduce the associated pain and improve the flexibility of the muscles surrounding the knee joint.

Knee Replacement Rehabilitation

If you have had a total knee replacement your recovery depends on your post-surgical rehabilitation. Physiotherapy can help to improve strength, flexibility, balance and coordination of the knee joint.

Muscle Strains Causing Knee Pain

Muscle strains can be caused by sudden movements such as a wrong step or an awkward twist. You may experience pain and tightness, swelling and bruising. Physiotherapy is essential to help speed up the healing process and restore your knee’s full range of motion. Your physiotherapist will recommend exercises to strengthen the muscles around your knee, reduce any inflammation, increase flexibility and improve balance.

Physio working on a knee

Physiotherapy Techniques for Knee Care

Physiotherapists use a range of tools and techniques to treat knee problems. These may include:

Manual Therapy

Manual therapy involves massaging the muscles around the knee joint, as well as manipulating the joint itself. This helps to reduce tension in the area and improve flexibility in the knee joint.

Exercise Programs

Exercise programs are tailored to the individual’s needs; they can include stretching, strengthening, and balance exercises.

Ultrasound Therapy

Ultrasound therapy is used to reduce pain and swelling in the knee joint. It involves using sound waves to provide deep heat to the area and promote healing.

Electrotherapy

Electrotherapy is used to improve circulation in the knee joint and reduce pain. It involves using electrical currents to target specific areas of pain or discomfort.

Postural Correction

Postural correction helps to correct any posture issues that can be contributing to knee pain. Physiotherapists will assess your posture and recommend exercises to help improve it.

Client Education

Physiotherapists provide advice and guidance on how to manage a knee condition. They will educate you on the importance of exercise, diet and lifestyle changes that can help improve your overall health and well-being.

Benefits

Benefits of Physiotherapy for Knee Problems

Physiotherapists are specialist healthcare professionals who can help diagnose and treat a range of musculoskeletal issues. Treatment plans may include exercises, manual therapies, lifestyle advice and more. Here are some of the benefits physiotherapy can bring when it comes to knee problems:

Pain Relief:

A physiotherapist can assess your individual needs and prescribe a tailored treatment plan designed to relieve pain caused by muscle strain or injury.

Improved Mobility:

Physiotherapy helps improve mobility in the knee joint, as well as in the surrounding muscles and joints. This can also help to improve balance and coordination.

Improved Strength:

Physiotherapy strengthens muscles around the knee joint, which helps to support the knee and reduce pain. It can also help with other activities such as running or walking that may have been affected by a knee injury.

Additional Resource

WebMD article on how physical therapy can help with knee pain.

Conclusion

If you are suffering from knee pain, physiotherapy could be the answer. Physiotherapists are experts at assessing individual needs and creating tailored treatment plans to help reduce pain and improve mobility in the knee joint. With their expert guidance, you’ll be on your way to living a healthier life – free of knee pain!

About Bergin Motion

Barrie Ontario Physiotherapy

Bergin Motion is a Barrie Physiotherapy Clinic. Bergin Motion offers physiotherapy in Barrie to clients with a wide range of conditions.

The clinic in Barrie specializes in orthopedic, neurological, and pelvic health disciplines.

Bergin Motion treats clients both at their clinic and in the comfort of their own home if they cannot travel to the clinic.

Located in the south end of Barrie, Ontario, the physio clinic boasts 9000 sq. ft., with seven treatment rooms and a fully equipped gym.